CARGO ON PALLETS
A pallet is a transport structure that is used for handling and transportation of goods and keeps them in a stable fashion while being lifted by a forklift, pallet jack, front loader, or other jacking device, or a crane. A pallet is a unit load which allows handling and storage efficiencies.
Cargo on pallets
Goods and containers are often placed on the pallets, secured with strapping and transported by various means of transport.
Pallets first came into use in international freight transportation in the 20th century, which accelerated the development of the modern logistics. Pallets are very useful in the sphere of delivery, the increase the efficiency of handling and transportation of the unit load. Pallet construction got its complete form during World War II. At the same time pallets started to be reused.
A pallet has a flat structure and is used as the structural foundation that allows automated or manual handling of goods as well as their protection and storage. Pallets are produced from various materials with most pallets on the market being wooden, others made of plastic, paper, recycled materials or metal.
Pallets come in various sizes depending on the sphere of use. Different industries and regions establish their own standard sizes.
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) sanctions six pallet dimensions: the most commonly used pallets dimensions in Europe are 80 х 120 cm, in North America — 101,6 х 121,9 cm, in Asia — 110 х 110 cm, in Australia — 116,5 х 116,5, widely used around the globe are the sizes 106,7 х 106,7 cm and 100 х 120 cm. The European standard fits many doorways.
A wooden pallet typically consists of three or four stringers to which the deck board is fixed. On top of it goods are placed. In a pallet measurement the first number is the stinger length and the second is the board length. Square pallets are used to resist tipping.
According to the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), most pallets used for international freight transportation, must be made of materials that are incapable of being a carrier of invasive species of insects and plant diseases. To be compliant with the rules, pallet manufacturers must ensure that the debarked pallet is treated by either of the following means: heat treatment or fumigation. In the former case, the wood is heated to achieve a minimum core temperature of 56 °C for at least 30 minutes. In the latter case, the pallets undergo chemical treatment. The wood is fumigated with methyl bromide. The second method has been banned within all EU member states since 2010 due to its potential harm to the Earth’s ozon layer.
Treated pallets are stamped on two opposite sides with the IPPC logo. The stamp bears a two-letter country code, a unique three-digit number, and the means of treatment: HT for heat treated, MB for methyl bromide. The DB sign means that the wood has been debarked.
Taking into consideration a great variety of pallets on offer, we suggest you contact us for an accurate load calculation and consultation on the best pallet materials.
Pallets are very convenient for international air freight transportations; they save time and costs on manual loading and unloading.